REDES SOCIAIS

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Boletim Focus: mercado financeiro reduz estimativa de inflação para 2024 e 2025

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Os analistas do mercado financeiro reduziram as estimativas de inflação para 2024 e 2025, ao mesmo tempo em que também projetaram um crescimento maior da economia neste ano.

As informações constam no relatório “Focus”, divulgado nesta terça-feira (26) pelo Banco Central. O levantamento ouviu mais de 100 instituições financeiras, na semana passada, sobre as projeções para a economia.

Para o comportamento da inflação, os analistas da instituições financeiras reduziram a expectativa para 2024 ? que recuou de 3,79% para 3,75%.

Estimativa do mercado financeiro para a inflação de 2024
Projeções para o IPCA, o índice oficial

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Fonte: Banco Central

Com isso, a estimativa dos analistas para a inflação de 2024 se mantém abaixo do teto da meta definida pelo Conselho Monetário Nacional (CMN).

A meta central de inflação é de 3% neste ano, e será considerada formalmente cumprida se o índice oscilar entre 1,5% e 4,5% neste ano.

Para 2025, a estimativa de inflação caiu de 3,52% para 3,51% na última semana. No próximo ano, a meta de inflação é de 3% e será considerada cumprida se oscilar entre 1,5% e 4,5%.

Para definir a taxa básica de juros e tentar conter a alta dos preços, o BC já está mirando, neste momento, na meta do ano que vem, e também em 12 meses até meados de 2025.

Quanto maior a inflação, menor é o poder de compra das pessoas, principalmente das que recebem salários menores. Isso porque os preços dos produtos aumentam, sem que o salário acompanhe esse crescimento.

Produto Interno Bruto

Para o comportamento do Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) em 2024, a estimativa de crescimento subiu de 1,80% para 1,85%. Foi a sexta alta seguida do indicador.

Já para 2025, a previsão de alta do PIB do mercado financeiro ficou estável em 2%.

O PIB é a soma de todos os bens e serviços produzidos no país. O indicador serve para medir a evolução da economia.

Taxa de juros

Os economistas do mercado financeiro mantiveram as estimativas para a taxa básica de juros da economia brasileira para o final deste ano e de 2025.

Outras estimativas

Veja abaixo outras estimativas do mercado financeiro, segundo o BC:

  • Dólar: a projeção para a taxa de câmbio para o fim de 2024 ficou estável em R$ 4,95. Para o fim de 2025, a estimativa continuou em R$ 5.
  • Balança comercial: para o saldo da balança comercial (resultado do total de exportações menos as importações), a projeção subiu de US$ 81 bilhões para US$ 81,5 bilhões de superávit em 2024. Para 2025, a expectativa para o saldo positivo avançou de US$ 74,1 bilhões para US$ 74,6 bilhões.
  • Investimento estrangeiro: a previsão do relatório para a entrada de investimentos estrangeiros diretos no Brasil neste ano permaneceu em US$ 65,5 bilhões de ingresso. Para 2025, a estimativa de ingresso subiu de US$ 72,3 bilhões para US$ 73,1 bilhões.

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Fonte G1 Brasília

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