REDES SOCIAIS

19°C

Copom corta taxa Selic de 12,25% para 11,75% ao ano e projeto novos cortes em 2024

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O Comitê de Política Monetária (Copom) do Banco Central decidiu, nesta quarta-feira (13), reduzir a taxa básica de juros, a taxa Selic, em 0,5 ponto percentual, de 12,25% ao ano para 11,75% ao ano.

Este foi o quarto corte seguido na taxa básica de juros, que começou a recuar em agosto deste ano. A decisão foi unânime.

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Em 11,75%, a taxa chegou ao menor nível desde o início de março de 2022 – quando estava em 10,75% ao ano.

O Copom é formado pelo presidente do Banco Central, Roberto Campos Neto, e por oito diretores da autarquia. Cabe ao comitê definir o patamar da Selic a cada 45 dias.

No comunicado divulgado após o encontro, o comitê voltou a sinalizar que poderá cortar novamente a Selic neste mesmo patamar – 0,5 ponto percentual – nos próximos encontros.

“Em se confirmando o cenário esperado, os membros do Comitê, unanimemente, anteveem redução de mesma magnitude nas próximas reuniões e avaliam que esse é o ritmo apropriado para manter a política monetária contracionista necessária para o processo desinflacionário”.

A próxima reunião do grupo está marcada para os dias 30 e 31 de janeiro de 2024.

A Selic é o principal instrumento de política monetária utilizado pelo BC para controlar a inflação. A taxa influencia todas as taxas de juros do país, como as taxas de juros dos empréstimos, dos financiamentos e das aplicações financeiras.

Veja a evolução da taxa Selic ao longo de 2023
Após estabilidade, taxa passa pelo quarto corte consecutivo.

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Fonte: BCB

Como as decisões são tomadas

Para definir a taxa básica de juros e tentar conter a alta dos preços, no sistema de metas de inflação, o BC faz projeções para o futuro.

Neste momento, a instituição já está mirando também a meta de 2025. Isso ocorre porque as mudanças na taxa Selic demoram de seis a 18 meses para ter impacto pleno na economia.

A meta de inflação do próximo ano, definida pelo Conselho Monetário Nacional (CMN), é de 3% e será considerada cumprida se oscilar entre 1,5% e 4,5%.

A partir de 2025, o governo mudou o regime de metas de inflação, e a meta passou a ser contínua, de 3%, podendo oscilar entre 1,5% e 4,5% sem que seja descumprida.

Fonte G1 Brasília

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